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| AIR-B pamphlet || Social Networks | Social Menus | Playground Observation of Peer Engagement (POPE) | Treatment Guidelines | Remaking Recess Booklet |

There are many research measures that exist to capture functioning and behavior across a variety of domains; unfortunately, too many of them are cumbersome and unsuitable in clinical and educational contexts where time and ease of use are paramount. The AIR-B Network is committed to developing outcome measures for treatment studies that are valid and meaningful across a variety of situations, contexts, and participants. To ensure that these measures are also practical, a primary goal of the network is to reduce training time and coding burden. We have also focused our efforts on creating intervention tools for interventions aimed at improving core deficits.


Current AIR-B Network tools for dissemination:




AIR-B pamphlet:

The AIR-B Network is a team of researchers from seven sites around the country working together with the community to improve the lives of children with autism spectrum disorders. Across all sites and studies, the ultimate objective of the AIR-B is to deploy effective and sustainable evidence based practices that will serve a broad community base and to improve outcomes for all children with ASD. To learn more, see the AIR-B Pamphlet.

AIR-B pamphlet



Social Networks:

The Social Network is a measure of children’s interconnectivity in the classroom. Children are asked to name their closest friends and recall who hangs out with whom. With the information from these interviews, we are able to track how well children are integrated in their peers’ social structure, noting who is popular, who is isolated, and who is in between.
In the image, we can see that some children are connected to a lot of their peers (meaning they were named multiple times by classmates in interviews), whereas other children are much more isolated (named by only a few peers, or none at all). This information is useful in determining if social interventions are needed in classrooms.


Social Menus:

Social menus are an intervention tool created to generate conversations and increase engagement between children with autism and their peers during lunch time at school. Much like “ice-breakers,” these menus are fun and interesting ways for children to connect with the students around them. Each menu has fun questions like “What is the strangest flavor of you have ever heard of?”; riddles and jokes; and games like “telephone” or “Would you rather…”.

 


Playground Observation of Peer Engagement (POPE):

The POPE is an approach to coding and observing the way that children interact with each other on the playground. Using this measure, we can track how engaged the children are in activities, how engaged they are with each other, and if they initiate and respond to others. This allows us to determine the efficacy of intervention and areas where additional support is needed.

Treatment Guidelines:

Parents and professionals need treatment guidelines that are grounded in evidence and beneficial to their child with ASD; but with so many treatments out there, it can be difficult for non-experts to determine which treatments to choose. The RAND Corporation led the efforts to put together a set of guidelines on effective treatments for children of ASD. Members of the AIR-B Network worked with a panel of experts to assess the overall strength of evidence for intervention effectiveness using guidance suggested by the US Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ); they then classified the interventions from insufficient to high strength of evidence. These guidelines allow parents and professionals to make informed decisions about the best treatment course for their child with ASD. 

See the following table for classification: 
These treatment guidelines are discussed further in the following article: Maglione, M., Gans, D., Das, L, Timbie, J, & Kasari, C. (2012). Nonmedical interventions for children with ASD: Recommended guidelines and further research needs. Pediatrics, 130, DOI: 10.1542/peds.2012-0900O.




Remaking Recess Booklet:

The purpose of the intervention is to improve the social inclusion of elementary aged children with autism spectrum disorder through facilitated interactions with their peers. This booklet provides school personnel with naturalistic strategies that can be used within their daily routine and interactions with their students with autism and his/her peers.



STAT Manual:

Schedules, Tools, and Activities for Transitions in the Daily Routine (STAT) Program


 
 
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This project is supported by the Health Resources and Services Administration (HRSA) of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) under grant number UA3 MC 11055 (AIR-B). This information or content and conclusions are those of the author and should not be construed as the official position or policy of, nor should any endorsements be inferred by HRSA, HHS or the U.S. Government.
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